FGM is a global problem, 3 million girls are cut every year across the world. Operations are often carried out by unqualified surgeons in unsanitary conditions. About 500,000 of them live in the United States. Female genital mutilation is a deeply rooted tradition in many countries, including in some Tanzanian communities despite the various advocacy and legal interventions to stop it. Types of proceduresIt involves partial/total removal of the female external genitalia. Which countries ban FGM by law? by updated daily and featuring the latest statistics from the media, internet. Recommendation 1:International donors need to raise funds for supporting projects, which last five years and above. The prevalence of FGM in girls and women within the 15-19 age range is estimated at 85. Canadian girls are being taken abroad to undergo female genital mutilation, documents reveal. Female genital mutilation ( FGM) is an horrific act, agreed by all the major global humanitarian and legal organisations, and by many nations, to be a gross violation of human rights. Somalia, Guinea and Djibouti all have laws prohibiting FGM/C, and yet these three countries maintain the highest rates of genital mutilation for women between the ages of 15-49: it's as high as 98. To investigate the association between type of episiotomy and obstetric outcomes among 6,187 women with type 3 Female Genital Mutilation (FGM). This study aimed at detecting clustering of FGM/C in Kenya, and identifying. uk Table showing FGM Prevalence and Terms Used Based on statistics from Amnesty International and US Government. For more than a decade, I've been providing medical examinations for those seeking asylum in the U. The number of female sex workers in China is increasing at an alarming rate. 2 FGM also. The practice of female genital mutilation is more widespread, and affects many more women and girls, than previously thought, according to a new report from Unicef. A detailed description of PRB's methods to estimate women and girls at risk of FGM/C is available. Department of Justice. It summarizes who is affected, reasons for FGM, where it is practiced, the four types of FGM as defined by the World Health Organization, and global efforts to stop FGM. Which countries ban FGM by law? by updated daily and featuring the latest statistics from the media, internet. Efforts by the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and other partners to eradicate the prevalence of Female Genital Mutilation (FMG) in Nigeria seems unabated as statistics indicate that the. A map of female genital mutilation rates globally (IRIN) share LONDON, 6 February 2015 (IRIN) - The UN estimates that over 140 million girls and women across the world have undergone female genital mutilation (FGM), a term that covers a ranges of procedures, from trimming the clitoral hood, to removing almost the entire genitalia and partially. 4 percent in 1995 to just 8 percent in 2016. Thousands of women living in this country have suffered genital mutilation, a practice classed as 'torture' by the United Nations. The ETF has a portfolio of 40 stocks with around 40% of assets going to the top ten securities; while that isn’t the best diversity in the space. Evaluation and Treatment of Female Genital Mutilation Douglas W. For Enisire, ending FGM is an act of love. Somalia has the highest FGM prevalence rate in the world - 98% - making the practice almost universal in the country. The rates vary widely by country, from virtually 0% in Honduras and Japan , to 3. This equates to 44 per cent (739) of the total number of cases from any country, where the age at the time of undertaking was known (1,673). However, FGM Statistics have only been compiled in 27 African countries and Yemen. This statistic gives information on the number of adult women victims of female genital mutilation (FGM) living in France in 2004, according to the time of arrival in France. Female genital mutilation (FGM) includes procedures that intentionally alter or cause injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. Somalia, Guinea and Djibouti all have laws prohibiting FGM/C, and yet these three countries maintain the highest rates of genital mutilation for women between the ages of 15-49: it's as high as 98. All Factsheets End FGM sex trafficking end sexual violence achieve legal equality end sex trafficking. Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Ottawa. In North Africa, the rate fell from almost 60% in 1990 to 14. Female genital mutilation is a direct violation of the human rights of any person who is subjected to it, including; the Right to Equality, Freedom from Discrimination, Right to Life and Personal Security, and, Freedom from Torture and Degrading Treatment. The campaign mobilizes people worldwide to speak up and take action to end harmful practices and violence against individuals. Based on the data obtained from the World Population review, the vast majority of the countries in the world with the highest fertility rates are in Africa with Niger topping the list at 7. Recommendation 1:International donors need to raise funds for supporting projects, which last five years and above. The main indicator used to measure the prevalence of the FGM in a particular country is the percentage of girls and women of child-bearing age (15–49) who have experienced some form of FGM. However, in some communities in the east and northeastern parts of the country, prevalence rates are more than 90 percent. UNICEF estimated in 2016 that 200 million women had undergone the procedures in 27 countries in Africa, as well as in Indonesia, Iraqi Kurdistan and Yemen, with a rate of 80–98 percent within the 15–49 age group in Djibouti. According to estimates by the World Health Organisation (WHO) 200 million women are affected by FGM worldwide. By Abby Selden Female genital mutilation (FGM) is still practiced in 28 African countries. Cross-border female genital mutilation / cutting (FGM/C) is on the rise in West Africa according to the UN, spurring the need to impose a region-wide law banning the practice, say experts. Female genital mutilation (FGM) constitutes partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or injury to the external female genitals for non therapeutic reasons. The main countries of origin for these women and girls include Eritrea, Nigeria, Somalia, Guinea and Ethiopia, most of which have persistently high prevalence rates for FGM. The Epidemic of Violence against Women in Africa Africa has a long standing tradition of incredibly unequal power between men and women; this has led to an extremely high rate of violence against women. Egypt) which are Muslim. and the UK, some girls are sent to their countries of origin during summer vacation to be cut in what's known as. Of them, 1,014 women were victims of stalking, 96 were killed after rape and 38 died after being set on fire. In North Africa, the rate fell from almost 60% in 1990. FGM is a form of violence against girls and women: According to the World Health Organization (WHO), FGM is defined as "any operation involving partial or total removal of female genitalia. Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a harmful practice prevalent in 35 countries, mainly in Africa, as well as in some Middle Eastern countries and a few Asian countries. Female Genital Mutilation on the Rise in the U. Countries such as Finland, Iceland and Norway have had very low increases with their c-section rates being around 15%. Eradicating Female Genital Mutilation: A UK Perspective - Kindle edition by Hilary Burrage. FGM is a crime in the EU. doctors for alleged female genital mutilation brought renewed attention to the ritual. 5% (MICS 2000). Law passed in 3rd March 2003 banning all forms of FGM. 6 Female Genital Mutilation / Cutting in Somalia Global Partners and Civil Society Responses Issue I. This comes after figures released by the Health and Social Care Information Centre show that, of the 9,000 GP practices in England, just 17 submitted an FGM report. Saturday, February 6 marked International Day of Zero Tolerance for FGM and campaigners claim some 5,484 instances of the barbaric practice were reported in England alone between October 2014 and September last year. Hoda Ali, an FGM survivor and activist who works in safeguarding. The reasons given for conducting FGM/C encompass beliefs about health, women's sexuality, and community and adulthood initiation rites. Prevalence varies significantly from one country to another. Fall in FGM prevalence rates among younger age groups C. An introduction to the demographics of FGM, including prevalence rates, is a necessary antecedent. The purpose of the web app was to educate young people between the ages of 11 – 17 about FGM, the health and legal consequences of the procedure, the myths associated with its continuation and in particular where to go to get further advice and help. *Data from the UNICEF report concern the age group 15–49, but data from other countries do not necessarily follow this category and can contain girls or women from any age group. 0 per 1,000 population respectively. Organisation 1: 28 Too Many – Africa 28 Too Many is a values based charity that seeks to eradicate FGM in the 28 African countries where it is still practised. government backs off case of female genital mutilation The decision by the U. In July 2015, Coventry University launched an interactive web app on FGM for young people called 'Petals'. Alternatively, statistics for two points in. Somalia has the highest incidence rate of FGM in the world, with 97. There is a large variation in percentages of cut females across the countries. Cases of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) added to the FGM Enhanced Dataset collection platform between 1 April 2016 and 31 March 2017. 2 FGM also. A number of people associate female genital mutilation with the religion of Islam. existence of harmful practices like female genital mutilation (FGM) and child marriage. This fact sheet has been updated to include the most current and commonly used terms for female genital cutting (FGC). , Professor and Chair, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Wisconsin at Madison Medical School One consequence of increased emigration from Africa and the Middle East to the developed world is an increase in patients with female circumcision. In some EU countries it is possible to prosecute the practice even when the procedure is performed outside the country. The BBC has been criticised by a Ukip MEP for its lack of coverage of female genital mutilation cases (FGM) in the UK. NCJ 252841. Embassies and Consulates. It establishes a clear distinction from male circumcision. For Enisire, ending FGM is an act of love. This study suggests that almost 33,000 girls under the age of 15 are potentially at risk of FGM in England and. Let’s find out more about the Muslim countries in the world. It is estimated that more than 200 million girls and women alive today have undergone female genital mutilation in the countries where the practice is concentrated. [Three of these — Somalia, Sudan, and Eritrea — are listed by Unicef as nations with high rates of FGM. countries where FGM is commonly practised and for which national prevalence rates are documented) and to the countries of destination (i. You can support us by signing this petition. FGM cases in England rise by more than 180 over last three months began compiling statistics on FGM in the second quarter of 2015. Due to international migration, it also affects diaspora communities in Europe, North America and Australasia. The countries are divided into 5 categories based on their prevalence levels of FGM/C. Bissau (Agenzia Fides) - "Female genital mutilation is not punished and still continues to be practiced", says Benjamim da Silva Sanca, at thehead of the National Committee for the Abandonment of Harmful Traditional Practices for women's and girl's health (CNAPN), on the sidelines of the seminar. 1 Although FGM is primarily performed in Africa, other countries such as Yemen, Iraqi Kurdistan, Indonesia and Malaysia have a high prevalence of FGM in some specific geographical areas. According to a 2011 survey conducted by TrustLaw, a legal news service run by the Thomson-Reuters Foundation, 3 of the 5 most dangerous countries for women (including the top-spot) are Muslim majorities, and in terms of cultural/tribal/religious danger to women, 4 of the 5 most dangerous countries are Muslim majorities. Female genital mutilation (FGM) is widely practised in several regions of the world. According to the country's health ministry, the teenage FGM rate fell from 74 per cent in 2008 to 61 per cent in 2014. World Health Organization, United Nations Population Fund & United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). Female Genital. In the case of caesarean section,. This study examines community awareness and prevalence of female genital mutilation in selected villages of Ikungi District using the behavioural change perspective. 1 The ‘focus country’ is the country to which the forced marriage risk relates. However, in some countries (like Iran), there are so far no national studies or scientific reports about FGM. The church is being asked to raise the issue of Female Genital Mutilation in its communities, as new statistics show the illegal practice is an increasing problem in the UK. In Egypt, a very "high-prevalence" country in terms of FGM, the rate decreased from 97 percent to 70 percent in the same period. It details just one family’s experience with the decades-old tradition of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) as practiced in southeastern Nigeria. Combining the figures for the three age groups, an estimated 137,000 women and girls affected by FGM, born in countries where FGM is practised, were permanently resident in England and Wales in 2011. 1 These numbers debunk the still all too common. Circumcision Rates Vary Widely in U. In most countries given in the table above, regional studies were used and applied to the country’s total population as realistically and conservatively as possibly needed. FGM is a crime in the EU. Practice: The most common form of female genital mutilation (FGM) or female genital cutting (FGC) practiced in Somalia is Type III (commonly referred to as infibulation and in Somalia, the "Pharaonic circumcision"). So-called cutters are being flown into the UK to perform female genital mutilation (FGM) on young girls, a campaigner has warned. Gynecologists: Anti-FGM laws “culturally insensitive and supremacist” Feb 23, 2016 5:09 am By Robert Spencer Gynecologists Kavita Shah Arora and Allan Jacobs are monstrous moral relativists who are, under the rubric of multiculturalism, aiding and abetting the Sharia subjugation and dehumanization of women. 3 percent in Hadhramaut, 96. and Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting. The BMJ study found the steepest decline in East Africa, where FGM rates fell from 71. In a landmark ruling, a mother-of-three has become the first person in Britain to be found guilty of female genital mutilation (FGM), a practice that has been outlawed in the country for more than three decades. Many Egyptians believe that for a girl or woman to be “clean,” “pure” and “feminine,” she must have her genitals cut at a young age. Female Sex Trafficking in China. The huge global scale of female genital mutilation has been revealed in disturbing new statistics, which show at least 200 million girls and women alive today have undergone ritual cutting, half of them living in just three countries. The 2000 estimates appear to have undercounted Muslims in Cyprus, France, Guatemala, Hungary, Slovakia and Vietnam, while overcounting the number in Laos, Lesotho and Taiwan. 7 percent in 1990 to 14. The prevalence of FGM in girls and women within the 15-19 age range is estimated at 85. Female genital mutilation needed because Egyptian men are ‘sexually weak,’ lawmaker says People pass a kiosk, center, that is used as a clinic where girls are circumcised by a barber, in the. Female genital mutilation is carried out on girls in many countries of sub-Saharan Africa. This website offers information for the professionals on the tradition of female circumcision and instructions for the practical work on how to prevent circumcision of girls. Friend asked particularly about improving prosecution rates, and I am pleased to tell her that each CPS area now has a lead FGM prosecutor. The BMJ study found the steepest decline in East Africa, where FGM rates fell from 71. Female genital mutilation protection orders. Given that the practice of female genital mutilation is a violation of an individual’s right to health, physical integrity, and the right to be free from degrading treatment and torture, activism must occur now in order to combat this futile multigenerational custom. Senegal (28% prevalence, Type II and III) Female genital mutilation is prevalent in Senegal. Female genital mutilation (FGM), also termed female circumcision (FC) and female genital cutting (FGC), is a traditional social practice of cutting parts of the external genitalia of girls or young women to uphold a cultural practice of a rite of passage to womanhood and to curb sexuality. 1 These numbers debunk the still all too common. These likely undercounts and overcounts should be taken into consideration when looking at growth rates, particularly in the affected countries. FGM reports. Definitions. Law passed in 3rd March 2003 banning all forms of FGM. Sexual abuse statistics vary between countries and reports, but are consistently alarming: Research indicates that up to 36% of girls and 29% of boys have suffered child sexual abuse; up to 46% girls and 20% boys have experienced sexual coercion. New figures obtained by BBC Wales show 123 victims of FGM were found by. This harmful practice is a violation of human rights against women and girls. Often seen as a ‘women’s issue’, FGM is not often discussed openly by men. Consequential provision. 5% (MICS 2000). Female Genital Mutilation Affects Births: Study. In countries, such as the UK and the US, with diaspora communities originating from high-prevalence for FGM countries, girls are frequently at risk of "vacation cutting, i. Source: Population Reference Bureau, analysis of data from the 2013 American Community Survey, Public Use. Tradition covers the most enduring enemies of a woman's dignity and security and aims at preserving male dominance and female subjugation. doctors for alleged female genital mutilation brought renewed attention to the ritual. Already in 2001, the US State Department published a Report on Female Genital Mutilation and Female Genital Cutting which cites several studies conducted by the Yemeni goverment. Statistics indicate that worldwide, more than 700 million women alive today were married as children. Of them, 1,014 women were victims of stalking, 96 were killed after rape and 38 died after being set on fire. FGM is a grim manifestation, along with ‘honour’ killings,. Whether at home, on the streets or during war, violence against women and girls is a human rights violation of pandemic proportions that takes place in public and private spaces. This article provides the first community survey on the extent of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) in Australia. Operations are often carried out by unqualified surgeons in unsanitary conditions. The UNFPA complained recently that 13 per cent of FGM in Nigeria is actually undertaken by medical professionals, a crime deserving of both criminal prosecution and disbarment from professional. What's more, the conditions in many of the countries. March 2012. A further 3 million are still expected to be cut every single year. 2 FGM also. Rates of female genital mutilation (FGM) among girls under 14 have fallen sharply in most regions of Africa over three decades, according to ground-breaking analysis cautiously welcomed by aid groups. According to the WHO, FGM is a common practice in a number of countries around the world, and over 100 million women and girls are estimated to have had FGM. FGM cases in England rise by more than 180 over last three months began compiling statistics on FGM in the second quarter of 2015. In these countries, from 43% to 97% of reproductive-age women have been circumcised. Over 60 million girls worldwide are child brides, married before the age of 18, primarily in South Asia (31. END FGM European network aims to ensure that the European Union delivers a strategy to prevent young girls and women in Europe from being mutilated and to provide refuge to women and girls who flee their countries for fear of being mutilated. It finds that the FGM law succeeds. In some African, Middle Eastern and Indonesian countries the majority of women have had FGM. These statistics summarise the dataset. A new UNICEF report finds that although several countries have shown a decline in the prevalence of female genital mutilation (FGM, otherwise known as ‘cutting’) in recent years, the practice remains a global concern. Zainub experienced FGM in her home country of Kenya. This chart shows countries with bans on female genital mutilation in 2015. They provide figures on how widespread the practice of FGM/C is, when and how it is performed, and what women and men think about the practice. FGM has been practiced in Egypt for thousands of years. Explore how violence against women and girls manifests itself in physical, sexual and psychological forms. The term FGMC is now in use by UNICEF and some other international agencies . A further 3 million are still expected to be cut every single year. 37 As of April 2000, the INS had pro-duced and d istributed information on FGM in six languages to overseas embassies in des - ignated countries. 1 WHO classifies FGM/C into four types—namely, clitoridectomy, excision. Agreed by the United Nations Statistical Commission (decision 42/102) in 2013 as a guide for national production and international compilation of gender statistics, the Minimum Set of Gender Indicators is a collection of 52 quantitative indicators and 11 qualitative indicators addressing relevant issues related to gender equality and/or women's. Australia has experienced a growth in the number of women and girls arriving from countries where Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is prevalent. It is estimated that 100 to 140 million girls and women worldwide are living with the consequences of FGM. Background Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a common traditional practice in developing nations including Ethiopia. survivors of female genital mutilation (FGM), translating into an estimated 71% prevalence rate of FGM in EU asylum systems. 5 percent in Sanaa" (IRIN, 2008). In most societies where FGM happens, it is seen as a cultural tradition and is deeply rooted in inequality between the sexes. Female genital mutilation is increasingly threatening girls and women in the United States. "Female genital mutilation (FGM) and forced marriages of [preteen] girls to men decades older than them characterize the lives of 99 percent of Maasai girls. FGM has been illegal in the UK since the mid-1980s and this includes cases where the procedure may have taken place outside the UK. Female Genital Mutilation on the Rise in the U. The Epidemic of Violence against Women in Africa Africa has a long standing tradition of incredibly unequal power between men and women; this has led to an extremely high rate of violence against women. Here are five things about FGM/C that might surprise you. Developing common definitions and methodologies for estimating the number of women affected by FGM in each country is one of the recommendations in the final report of the project on Female Genital Mutilation in the European Union and Croatia published by the European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE, 2013). The main countries of origin for these women and girls include Eritrea, Nigeria, Somalia, Guinea and Ethiopia, most of which have persistently high prevalence rates for FGM. Although FGM is most prevalent in twenty-eight countries in Africa and the Middle East, it is no longer confined to distant shores. FGM can cause immediate complications (pain, bleeding and. In the rest of the countries, most cutting occurs between 5 and 14 years of age hoW Across a majority of countries, most daughters have had their genitalia cut, with some flesh removed By Whom In nearly all countries where FGM/C is concentrated, traditional practitioners perform. FGM/C is inextricably linked with ending extreme poverty; girls who experience it are more likely to be forced into child marriage, more likely to be poor and stay poor, and less likely to be educated. Despite the policy and legal framework, statistics show that FGM remains one of the most pervasive human rights violations in our country equally in times of conflict and stability. 8 The current report covers all 29 countries in Africa and the Middle East where FGM/C is concentrated and. Its prevalence in the United States is. It is a form of violence against women and children, with no benefits and many harms. However, it also takes place in the Middle East, in South-East Asia – and also among immigrants in Europe. This paper will use the lesser morally charged term, female circumcision (FC). Which countries ban FGM by law? by updated daily and featuring the latest statistics from the media, internet. A concerning 17 per cent of them, or 125 million, live in Africa. It is a massive problem. This Country Profile into FGM across Tanzania. The estimated U. If you choose an entry under Regional Trade Association or Regional Fishery Body, the data is combined for all the countries in that group. “There are people who believe the clitoris will grow disproportionately if it’s not cut, and those who accuse Westerners of inciting us against. An introduction to the demographics of FGM, including prevalence rates, is a necessary antecedent. Eradicating Female Genital Mutilation: A UK Perspective - Kindle edition by Hilary Burrage. Danger to Women Worldwide. Yet, to a considerable number of people in countries where FGM is practiced, the argument for its continuation is that the practice is a traditional cultural rite of passage. For Enisire, ending FGM is an act of love. The abhorrent practice is mostly found in North-West and North-East Africa and parts of the Middle East (such as Yemen and Iraq), and within migrant communities from those countries. Female Genital Cutting Research - Background Background on the FGC statistics To create estimates of the number of women with or at risk for female genital cutting (FGC) in the US (table 3), researchers followed the original 1990 CDC methodology as closely as possible, while modifying for new census questions as needed. According to statistics, over 200 million females are affected by FGM, while three million girls face the risk of going through the painful procedure each year. Which countries ban FGM by law? by updated daily and featuring the latest statistics from the media, internet. Female genital mutilation is increasingly threatening girls and women in the United States. — Preceding unsigned comment added by 89. Recent legislation banning FGM in countries where it is prevalent is a major step forward. 3 million girls are at risk of being subjected to FGM annually. It is also motivated by beliefs about sexual behaviour and virginity and chastity. Organized by country, we have over 350 variables for 176 countries. How many countries is FGM (Female Genital Mutilation) illegal in? I'm writing a research essay for my dissertation on Female Genital Mutilation and the laws and policies worldwide. government "is sending a damaging message to law enforcement, the courts and to the courageous survivors who. Over 90 percent of women and girls between 15 and 49 in Egypt have undergone FGM. FGM is most prevalent in African countries, though it also occurs in some Middle Eastern and Asian countries and in migrant communities from these regions. Female genital mutilation (FGM), which is any form of non-therapeutic intervention leading to the ablation or alteration of the female genital organs, has adverse health consequences. Neither the Bible nor the Quran mention FGM. Countries with FGM data collected by household surveys Countries in which FGM has been reported Countries in which FGM has been reported among some immigrant communities Source: UNFPA analysis based on DHS and MICS, 2002-2014, and WHO, "Female Genital Mutilation: A Joint WHO/UNICEF/UNFPA Statement," 1997. Ethiopia remains of the African countries with the highest rate of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM). This paper will use the lesser morally charged term, female circumcision (FC). In North Africa, the rate fell from almost 60% in 1990. FGM is illegal in the U. It can result in death through severe bleeding leading to haemorrhage shock, neurogenic shock as a result of pain and trauma, and severe, overwhelming infection and septicaemia. Interest: factors related to the continuance and discontinuance of FGM/C. Saudi Arabia has so far refused to comply with bodies researching FGM. One in four Nigerian women between the ages of 15 and 49 years has experienced FGM, making the country number three in the world following Egypt and Ethiopia, the. Somalia The Human Capital Index (HCI) database provides data at the country level for each of the components of the Human Capital Index as well as for the overall index, disaggregated by gender. How many countries is FGM (Female Genital Mutilation) illegal in? I'm writing a research essay for my dissertation on Female Genital Mutilation and the laws and policies worldwide. FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION; HIGH INFANT, MATERNAL MORTALITY AMONG ISSUES ADDRESSED AS WOMEN'S ANTI-DISCRIMINATION COMMITTEE TAKES UP GUINEA'S REPORT Moreover, the country lacked statistics. If you thought female genital mutilation was a tradition of the past, well, you are wrong. The International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation was held on 6th February with the 2017 theme focusing on “Building a solid and interactive bridge between Africa and the world to accelerate ending FGM by 2030″ This special focus draws attention to this topic with a selection of media articles. Female genital mutilation (FGM) is defined by WHO as procedures which remove or damage the external female genital organs for no medical reason. The countries shown are not the only ones were FGM takes place, just those where reliable studies have been conducted. 7 Within countries, prevalence may vary across ethnic groups; in Mali, for example, where the overall proportion of women who have undergone circumcision is 94%, only 17% of women of Tamachek ethnicity have been circumcised. Most females affected live in 28 African countries and also parts of the Middle East and Asia. The Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) Enhanced Dataset (SCCI 2026) supports the Department of Health's FGM Prevention Programme by presenting a national picture of the prevalence of FGM in England.